Of What Importance Is Irrigation
Most farmers in the modern set up water their plants. Irrigation server so much importance not only to the farmer but also to the consumer of such products Most commonly practiced methods of crop watering are surfaces, subsurface, drip, and spray. There type of irrigation one chooses depends on the size of land, the source of water and the kind of crop planted. The success of the irrigation process also depends on the facilities available for irrigation as well availability to water bodies for irrigation. There are many advantages of irrigation. Such reasons include among others.
The amounts of rainfall that most of the world experience are unreliable. It does not rain frequently, but the little that falls is poor on timing and insufficient. As a result affected areas experience long spells. It because of this that we must seek alternatives to this situation. The best solution, in this case, is irrigation. Once we irrigate our crops, we can ensure sustainable food production. At times the rains can be ad masters. Rains that are accompanied with hailstones are destructive to crops. Heavy downpours can also wash away crops.
You maximize you produce through irrigation. This is because it boosts the chances maintaining high yields Provision of water making the conditions favorable for growth. It ensures. Therefore, the plants grow entirely. Therefore, irrigation provide high yields. This high output is critical for ensuring a continuous supply of food Poor returns often lead to hunger and starvation situation the irrigation can correct.
It is more convenient to have more than to two crops on the same piece of land at a go. Adequate water supply reduces competition from the crops for the resource. As a result, you can plant different types of crops at ago. It is also planted one crop at ago but change to another once you harvest the previous one. Growing different crops season after season is good for the soil. For instance intercropping of legumes and maize help boost nitrogen fixation that further helps in improving the soil nutrients.
Irrigation also increase land utilization. Rain determinant seasons are inefficient when it comes to land usage. Because rains are unreliable, cultivating your entire piece of land puts you at the risk serious losses. As a result, planting just a portion of the farms are seen as best way to reduces the losses when rains fail. But with irrigation, can maximum exhaust your piece of land since the availability of water is guaranteed.
Another problem faced by millions of people is inadequate food. The world population is rapidly growing, but food production is dropping. Therefore what is available to feed the growing population is less than what is required. This puts majority at risk of starvation. However, irrigation can here reverse this trend and normalizes it. Irrigation is, therefore, a major way out of hunger and starvation since it can make good use of unutilized land.